NASA Supports Small Business Research to Power Future Exploration

Published 8:50 am Wednesday, June 8, 2022

NASA has selected hundreds of small businesses and dozens of research institutions to develop technology to help drive the future of space exploration, ranging from novel sensors and electronics to new types of software and cutting-edge materials. The newly awarded projects under the agency’s Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program also include a high-power electric rocket and a coating to make solar panels more efficient that could be used both in space and here on Earth.


The awards total nearly $50 million, with investments spread out over 39 states and Washington. Under the selection, 333 proposals from 257 small businesses and 41 research institutions – including 10 Minority Serving Institutions – will be awarded first-round funding for technology development. View the full lists of SBIR awardees and STTR awardees online.

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The selections include seven projects managed by Stennis Space Center – four in the SBIR program and three in the STTR program.


“NASA is working on ambitious, groundbreaking missions that require innovative solutions from a variety of sources – especially our small businesses,” said NASA Deputy Administrator Pam Melroy. “Small businesses have the creative edge and expertise needed to help our agency solve our common and complex challenges, and they are crucial to maintaining NASA’s leadership in space. The SBIR program is one of the key ways we do that as well as creating jobs in a growing, sustainable space economy.”


NASA investments in American small businesses and research institutions help provide the innovations needed for the exciting and ambitious missions on the agency’s horizon and foster robust commercial space and technology sectors.


Each proposal team will receive $150,000 – a 20% increase over previous years’ funding – to establish the merit and feasibility of their innovations. Phase I SBIR contracts are awarded to small businesses and last for six months, while Phase I STTR contracts are awarded to small businesses in partnership with a research institution and last for 13 months.


“The selections span a breadth of areas to empower the agency’s work in human exploration, space technology, science, and aeronautics,” said Jenn Gustetic, director of early-stage innovation and partnerships for NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate. “We’re excited about the uses for these technologies for Artemis and other missions, as well as their potential use in the commercial space industry and people’s everyday lives.”


About 30% of the awards will go to first-time NASA SBIR/STTR recipients. This includes Ad Astra Rocket Company based in Webster, Texas. With its Phase I award, the company will develop a new way of manufacturing part of its Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket, or VASIMR, engine – a high-power electric rocket engine the company has been working on with NASA for 25 years. In the engine, powerful radiofrequency waves are launched by special antennas, called couplers. The waves ionize gas into plasma, which is then accelerated to provide rocket thrust. The Phase I funding will be used to manufacture couplers in a way that increases the engine’s power limit. This innovation will help move the entire engine closer to commercialization, where it could be used for high-maneuverability satellites, lunar settlement cargo delivery, and more.


Nearly 25% of the selected companies are women-owned, veteran-owned, disadvantaged, and/or HUBzone small businesses. This includes a project managed at Stennis. D2K Technologies, a women- and minority-owned small business based in Oceanside, California, will create a monitoring and advisory system for health management of solenoid operated valves (SOV) used in industrial applications with its Phase I award. The technology could find use in many of NASA’s research centers, testing centers, and launch sites, since SOVs are basic components of most fluid systems. For instance, there are more than 600 SOVs in operation at Stennis. With the widespread use of SOVs in industrial applications, the system also could be useful to oil and gas, nuclear, manufacturing, power generation, chemical, food, and pharmaceutical companies. This eight-person company is also a first-time NASA SBIR awardee.


“Finding and building a diverse community of entrepreneurs is a central part of our program’s outreach, and the efforts to reach them can start even before Phase I,” said Gynelle Steele, deputy program executive for NASA’s SBIR/STTR program at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “For example, working in partnership with NASA’s Minority University Research and Education Project, we started offering M-STTR planning grants last year, which incentivized partnerships between MSIs and small businesses and prepared them to submit a STTR Phase I proposal in 2022.”


M-STTR awardee Oakwood University, a historically Black university based in Huntsville, Alabama, will continue working alongside SSS Optical Technologies, a small business also based in Huntsville, using their Phase I award to develop a new type of coating for photovoltaic (PV) cells embedded in solar sails. The coating could generate extra electricity and improve the overall PV conversion efficiency, which could advance solar sailing and other power and energy conversion needs for space exploration. This technology could improve the efficiency of commercial solar panels.


In addition to managing the SBIR project from D2K Technologies, Stennis will manage the following SBIR projects selected for Phase 1 awards:

  • “Non-Intrusive Cryogenic Flowmeter for Existing Piping Infrastructure,” developed by Luna Innovations, Inc. in Roanoke, Virginia. The project seeks to develop a non-intrusive cryogenic fluid flow meter for existing piping infrastructure at rocket engine test facilities. The flow meter would directly support liquid rocket propulsion testing. It is designed to be inherently safe and robust for rocket engine fuel flows since it is non-intrusive and does not contain any electrical components.
  • “High Temperature, High Speed Pressure Sensors for Advanced Propulsion Systems Ground Test Applications,” developed by Sporian Microsystems, Inc. in Lafayette, Colorado. The proposed technology is based on prior and ongoing high-temperature sensor development. It is expected to provide real-time monitoring of combustion stability. Applications for the current technology include any rocket system program, such as the Space Launch System, which is powered by RS-25 engines tested at Stennis.
  • “Computationally Efficient Multiphase Flow Simulation Tool for Propulsion Test Technology Components,” developed by Streamline Numerics, Inc. in Gainesville, Florida. This project is focused on developing an efficient, robust computational fluid dynamics tool for simulating unsteady multiphase flows, a capability of critical importance to NASA in ground and launch systems processing technologies. The proposed work seeks significant cost reduction for such simulations. Among other uses, it could model water jets for flow tests on Stennis test stands.


The three STTR projects that were selected for Phase 1 awards to be managed by Stennis are:

  • “Machine-Learning Enabled Reliable Multi-Modal Sensor Operation for Rocket Propulsion Systems,” developed by Alphacore, Inc. in partnership with Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona. The group seeks to develop a framework for self-calibrating sensors, backed by artificial intelligence with in-field calibration capabilities. The sensors would give NASA the ability to monitor the performance and level of strain within test structures and systems. This could help engineers access more accurate information to guide advancements and risk mitigation in future systems designs.
  • “WIRA – Wireless Instrumentation for Rocket Applications,” developed by Interdisciplinary Consulting Corporation from Gainesville, Florida in partnership with Interdisciplinary Microsystems Group at the University of Florida. The project seeks to develop a wireless instrumentation system, including both data acquisition and sensors, that reduces the high costs and complexity of deployment, use, and maintenance of traditional centralized, wired instrumentation systems. This system could benefit testing of next-generation rocket propulsion systems and add to Stennis test complex capabilities.
  • “A Wireless, Thin-Film Surface Acoustic Wave Sensor System for Rocket Propulsion Test Applications,” developed by X-wave Innovations, Inc. from Gaithersburg, Maryland, and Professor Fang Li, of New York Institute of Technology, located in Old Westbury, New York. The partnership has proposed an innovative wireless sensor system capable of providing high-bandwidth measurement of temperature, pressure, and strain on propulsion engine components. The proposed system would provide a highly flexible means of monitoring inaccessible measurement locations, such as fuel tanks for NASA’s rocket propulsion test facilities.


NASA selected Phase I proposals to receive funding by judging their technical merit and commercial potential. Based on their progress during Phase I, companies may submit proposals for $850,000 in Phase II funding to develop a prototype, as well as subsequent SBIR/STTR Post Phase II opportunities. The NASA SBIR/STTR program is part of the Space Technology Mission Directorate and is managed by NASA’s Ames Research Center in California’s Silicon Valley.