By Jodi Marze, Lifestyles Editor
The Picayune Item
PICAYUNE — This week marked the 150th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg. The event was commemorated by the Gettysburg Foundation and Gettysburg National Military Park with special events, exhibitions, reenactments and activities for families.
According to http://www.civilwar.org, there were at total of 165,620 solders engaged in this battle with estimated casualties at 51,112.
The battle was bloody, defined the war and inspired one of the most celebrated speeches to be given by a President, “The Gettysburg Address.”
Today, many people participate in “living history portrayals” or what we used to call reenactments.
The Civil War had many terms and names that have been long lost; it is in memory of Gettysburg that we take a look at words from 1863.
1. Many captured soldiers had “shebangs.” If you had one, would you have:
A. A special haircut signifying your capture status?
B. A circulatory malady that affected your legs?
C. A crude shelter to live in?
2. In “The Star Spangled Banner,”Francis Scott Key writes about “...o’er the ramparts we watched ...” When he referred to“ramparts,” was he writing about:
A. A special ramp for cannons?
B. A large earthen mound used for shielding a fortified position?
C. A platform used as a lookout station?
3. If you had a “powder monkey” on your ship, did you have:
A. A special cocktail for after battle celebrations?
B. A small monkey that kept the captain company?
C. A sailor (sometimes a child) who carried explosives from the ship's magazine to the ship's guns.
4. Many soldiers had a “housewife.” The term did not refer to a loved one living at home, so what did it mean? Was it:
A. A camp cleaning person?
B. A sewing kit?
C. The camp cook?
1. Shebangs: (pronounced sheh-bang) These were the crude shelters Civil War prisoners of war built to protect themselves from the sun and rain. So if you had a shebang, you did not have a bad haircut. You had a small shelter from the elements.
2. Rampart:(pronounced ram-part) A rampart was a large earthen mound used to shield the inside of a fortified position from artillery fire and infantry assault. Occasionally ramparts might be constructed of other materials, such as sandbags.
3. "Powder Monkey": A “powder monkey” was a sailor (sometimes a child) who carried explosives from the ship's magazine to the ship's guns.
4. Housewife: A housewife had nothing to do with cooking or cleaning in the camp. The term refers to a small sewing kit soldiers used to repair their garments.